AUTHOR INSTRUCTIONS AND STYLE SHEET
Please read the author instructions before writing your submission to Criminology in Europe, and try to make sure that your submission complies with the current style guidelines.
The Newsletter generally uses British English. Please make sure to change the language setting to “English (UK)” in your text editor while writing for the Newsletter.
General requirements (formatting and style)
1. General structure of all submissions
Name of author(s) in full (last name first name)
Subtitle (if applicable)
Affiliation of all authors in the following format, in alphabetical order based on surname:
XY is (official title/academic rank: professor, research fellow, doctoral student, etc.) at (department, institution) in (city), (country).
Only the first word of the title and proper nouns should be capitalised. Avoid abbreviations in the title. ESC working group names should be written in full when used in the title.
Please do not use headings in texts shorter than 2000 words. In texts that are longer than that you may use headings but please keep them to the minimum. Do not use more than two heading levels. Only the first letter of the first word and of proper nouns should be capitalised in each heading.
4. Use of bold and italics
Please avoid using bold altogether. Italics may be used for emphasis, but only sparingly. Italics may also be used for 1) titles of books and journals and 2) foreign words.
Quotations should be indicated by single quotation marks, with double quotation marks used for quotes within quotes. Where a quotation is more than five lines long, it should be indented as a separate paragraph, with a line space above and below, and with no quotation marks; points of ellipsis should not be used to open the quote. All quotations should remain exactly as in the original—house style should not be employed, including spellings in other variants of English. Where italics are added to (or removed from) cited text, ‘(emphasis added/omitted)’ should be inserted in the corresponding footnote. Three points of ellipsis, with a space on either side, should be used to indicate omission of words in a quotation. Square brackets should be used to indicate modifications to cited passages.
6. Acronyms and abbreviations
Acronyms may be used, provided that the name is set out in full, followed by the abbreviation in brackets at the first usage (National Institute of Justice (NIJ)). Only very familiar acronyms (e.g. UN, EU) may be used without initial explanation. Acronyms of national institutions (e.g. SFO, Serious Fraud Office) shall generally be deemed not familiar to the reader. The same applies to acronyms that might only be recognisable to members of a certain profession (e.g.. lawyers should not assume that non-lawyers would necessarily know what ECHR refers to), or to scholar specialising in a certain area (e.g.. organised crime scholars might not know what the ICVS is). Please avoid the excessive use of acronyms. Do not include full stops in abbreviations (i.e. UN, not U.N.)
7. Footnotes and Endnotes
Endnotes are for references only. Do not use footnotes in working group reports and candidate profiles. In other texts footnotes may be used but should be kept to a minimum and be brief. Footnote numbers follow all punctuation marks.